Why does self-control matter?
There are two important types of self-control for students. Intrapersonal self-control allows them to align today's behaviors with tomorrow's goals. Interpersonal self-control allows them to maintain their temper, hold back from interrupting, and respond to others in ways that are socially appropriate.
What does self-control look like?
A student who demonstrates intrapersonal self-control at school might:
- come to class prepared
- start work immediately, rather than procrastinating
- remember and follow directions
- pay attention and resist distractions
A student who demonstrates interpersonal self-control might:
- keep his or her temper in check
- remain calm even when criticized or otherwise provoked
- be polite with adults and peers
- allow others to speak without interruption
Teach self-control in the classroom
Resources about self-control
Research articles about self-control
The science and practice of self-control Perspectives on Psychological Science, 12(5), 715–718. Duckworth, A. L. & Seligman, M. (2017). Self-talk as a regulatory mechanism: How you do it matters Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 106(2), 304–324. Kross, E., Bruehlman-Senecal, E., Park, J., Burson, A., Dougherty, A., Shablack, H., … Ayduk, O. (2014). The power of prospection: Mental contrasting and behavior change Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 10, 591‐604. Oettingen, G., & Reininger, K. M. (2016).